1. Charan Padukka ( Char Gupha )
2. Banganga
3. Aadra Kumari
4. Mata Rani
5. Bhairavnath Nath
6. Swarna Mandir (Golden Temple)
7. Wagah Border
8. Char Dham Vaishno Mandir
9.Jallianwala Bagh
10. Luv Kush Janm Sthan Balmiki
11. Durgiana Mandir

Jammu & Amritsar :- The Golden Temple is the most celebrated monument in Amritsar, known as much for its spiritual significance as for its architectural beauty. Also called Harmandir Sahib or Darbar Sahib, this gurudwara stands as the holiest pilgrimage site of Sikhism and a prime tourist attraction in India. If Amritsar is the next place on your bucket list, make sure to include this spectacular place of worship in your itinerary. Being located in the heart of the city, it can be easily reached from your hotels in Amritsar.

Amritsar is world-famous for the beautiful and highly revered Golden Temple or Sri Harmandir Sahib, which is one of the most prominent spiritual sites in the country. The temple is a two-storeyed structure with its top half covered in almost 400 kg of pure gold leaf, which is what earned it its English moniker. Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the leader of the Sikh empire, is believed to have initiated the construction in the 19th century. The rest of the temple complex is built in white marble, inlaid with precious and semi-precious colourful stones. To create motifs, the pietra dura technique has been used. The grand temple complex is awe-inspiring in its size.

Vaishno Devi:-

The Vaishno Devi Temple is an important Hindu temple dedicated to Vaishno Devi located in Katra at the Trikuta Mountains within the Indian Union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The temple is one of the 108 Shakti Peethas dedicated to Durga, who is worshipped as Vaishno Devi. It is one of the most visited pilgrimage centers of India. Every year millions of visitors visit the temple.During festivals like Navaratri, the count even increases to one crore visitors. Vaishno Devi Temple is one of the richest temples in India. Authors Michael Barnett and Janice Gross Stein says, “Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine in Jammu has an annual income of about $16 million, mainly from offerings by devotees”.

The temple is sacred to all Hindus and Sikhs. Many prominent saints such as Guru Govind Singh and Vivekananda have visited the temple.

Navaratri and Diwali are the two most prominent festivals celebrated in the Vaishno Devi Temple. The temple was included in the Jammu and Kashmir state government Act No. XVI/1988, and known as Shri Mata Vaishno devi Shrine Act. The committee nominated by the state government administers the temple and has nine members on its board.

Here are some of the interesting facts about Vaishno Devi that will make you want to visit the Shrine:

  • It is believed that Mata Vaishno Devi, who was also known as Trikuta observed the ‘Navratra’, to pray for the victory of Lord Rama against Ravana. It is also said that Lord Rama also ensured her that the entire world would sing her praises and revere her as Mata Vaishno Devi. Thus, it is due to Rama’s blessings that Mata Vaishno Devi attained immortality and now attracts thousands of pilgrims to the shrine each year.
  • Bhairo Nath, who chased Mata Vaishno Devi and pestered her to marry him, was actually sent by Gorakh Nath, who was a Mahayogi. Gorakh Nath had a vision of the conversation between Lord Rama and Vaishnavi. Led by curiosity to know more about Vaishnavi, the Mahayogi sent his prime disciple to collect information about the Goddess.
  • Mata Vaishno Devi had an Ashram on the foothills of Trikuta. The ashram was constructed on the instructions of Lord Rama, who ensured Vaishnavi to built an ashram where they will live after getting married in the Kaliyug.
  • The Goddess after forgiving Bhairo Nath and allowing him to attain Moksha shed her human form and took the form of a rock in order to continue uninterrupted meditation. Mata Vaishno Devi, hence, gives her devotees darshan in the form of a five and half feet tall rock, with three pindies or heads on the top. The cave where she transformed herself is now the holy shrine of Vaishno Devi and the pindies form the sanctum sanctorum.
  • There are many legends for establishment of Mata Vaishno Devi Temple. However, the legend related to Pandit seems most appropriate. It is said that Pandit Sridhar was a poor sage, who had a vision of Mata Vaishno Devi indicating him the route to the temple. It is also believed that whenever Sridhar losts his way, Vaishno Devi appeared in his dream to guide him.
  • Certain geological studies indicate that the caves are a million year old. On the other side the earliest reference to a mountain deity named Trikuta has been made in the Rigveda scripture of Hindu. It is worth noting that the worship of Shakti and other female deities started only during the Puranic era.
  • The mention of Vaishno Devi is made in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. The epic states before the Great War of Kurukshetra, Arjuna meditated upon the Goddess, seeking her blessings for victory. Arjuna is said to have described the Devi as “Jambookatak Chityaishu Nityam Sannihilaye”, which means “the one who permanently resides in the temple located on the slope of the mountain in Jamboo”. Here Jamboo might refer to Jammu according to several scholars.
  • Navaratri is considered the most auspicious time to visit Mata Vaishno Devi cave temples. Visiting Vaishno Devi during the Navaratras is believed as being one step closer to attaining heaven.
  • It is believed that the late Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh himself visited Vaishno Devi in his lifetime.
  • There are three main caves located at Vaishno Devi, of which the main cave remains closed most of the year. It is said that the three caves combined are too long for a single pilgrimage and that is why only two caves are kept open for the flock of people to see.
  • The route that leads to the cave temple is not the original entrance. It is said that the original route to Vaishno Devi was not wide enough to accommodate the multitudes who swarmed it. In order to make more space, the mountain was split in half to build a new road, at Ardh Kuwari (the halfway point).
  • It is reckoned that the few fortunate pilgrims are able to witness the main cave of the temple. It is said, whenever there are less than 10000 pilgrims for the Darshan, the doors to the main cave is opened by the authority. This is most likely to take place during the winter Vaishno Devi Yatra in the months of December and January.
  • The ancient cave as the Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine holds lot of importance. It is believed that this cave preserves the body of Bhairo Nath whom the Goddess killed with her Trishul (Trident). The legend has it when Vaishnavi Devi beheaded Bhairo Nath, his head flew to the Bhairav Valley and his rest of the body remained in the cave.
  • It is said that a stream of Ganga flows through the cave. The devotees wash themselves with this water before heading to the temple.
  • At Ardhkuwari a separate cave is situated to which an interesting legend is attached. This separate cave is said to be the place where Vaishno Devi hid from Bhairo Nath for 9 months. It is said, the Goddess positioned herself in the same way as an unborn child is placed in his/her mother’s womb. This cave is also known as Garbhjun.
  • According to believers, those who enter Garbhjun cave acquire freedom from entering the womb again. If incase one is born again/or is conceived by the mother then one is free from all the problems during childbirth.

Jallianwala Bagh:-

Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar) is a historic garden and ‘memorial of national importance’ in Amritsar, India, preserved in the memory of those wounded and killed in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre that occurred on the site on the festival of Baisakhi, 13 April 1919. It houses a museum, gallery and a number of memorial structures. The 7-acre garden site of the massacre is located in the vicinity of the Golden Temple complex, the holiest shrine of Sikhism and is managed by the Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Trust, which was established as per the ‘Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, 1951’.

Durgiana Temple:-

The Sri Durgiana temple (Amritsar) is a very important temple for Punjabi Hindus. In the courtyard of the temple is a tree where Lava and Kusha bound Hanuman after the captured challenge horse of the Ashvamedha yajna. Iksvaku, the grandson of sun-god performed a number of yagyas on this land. The original temple was built in 16th century. [4]

The architecture of Sri Durgiana Temple (Amritsar) is similar to Golden Temple. It was rebuilt in 1921 by Guru Harsai Mal Kapoor in the architectural style of the Sikh Golden Temple.Harsai Mal was a descendant of Prithi Chand Mina. The newly built temple was inaugurated by Pandit Madan Mohan Malavika.

Existence of the Talab is also mentioned in 1868 Municipal committee, Amritsar documents. John Campbell Oman who was Professor of natural science in The Government College, Lahore and author of the book The Mystics, Ascetics and Saints Of India mentioned about durgiana in his book where he found some mystics practicing yoga.  Durgiana Mandir is recorded in Amritsar District Gazetteer of 1893 which talks about Durgiana Sarovar and “Devi dwara” surrounding it which was thronged by Hindu pilgrims.

Even though Amritsar is not declared a Holy city, restrictions are in force prohibiting sale of tobacco, liquor and meat within a radius of 200 metres (660 ft) around this temple and the Golden Temple.

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